I can't believe it's almost December! Just three more weeks before the holiday break!
Revising and Editing:
In today's class, we learned about revising and editing. When you revise, you correct the content and structure of your research paper. When you edit, you correct grammar and style mistakes.
You then have some time to work on your peer editing task. For this task, you will revise/edit your partner's concluding paragraph. You need to complete the following for this task:
In next week's class, you will give the original copies to your partner, and the copies to me. The worksheet is attached at the end of today's blog summary.
For our lesson on December 5 and 12, we will be having conferences. You will be able to discuss your first drafts with me in an individual meeting during class while other students revise/edit their drafts. Make sure you prepare your list of questions for me before our conferences.
I've attached our conference schedule and explanation about it at the end of today's blog summary.
For our conferences, we'll be in the computer room in Building 2 / Rm. 218. The room is a little difficult to find. When you enter building, turn left and go down the hall. At the end of the hall, turn left. The computer room is the last classroom on the left (across from the washrooms).
1. Peer Editing Task (=10%)
2. Blog Comment #9
3. Bring to class next week:
Blog Question #8:
My Christmas Tree
Can you believe it? We have now finished our entire first draft of our research papers! The most difficult part of our course in now over.
In today's lesson, we looked at the different parts of a concluding paragraph: thesis restatement, body paragraph summaries and a final thought. The most important sentence will be your final thought; you want to leave the reader with a strong impression so that he/she remembers your essay. For your final thought, you can use the following types of sentences:
c. rhetorical question
Blog Question #7:
The Christmas decorations and lights are already up throughout Tokyo. I always love the Christmas season in Tokyo.
At the beginning of class, we reviewed some of the key terms we've studied in class over the past two weeks: in-text citation, plagiarism, paraphrasing and shared language.
We also reviewed how to make an in-text citation for a second-hand quote and how to paraphrase.
For the last part of our lesson, we learned how to summarize. This is similar to paraphrasing in that you use your own words, but you only include the main ideas from a passage. Remember to include an in-text citation for both paraphrases and summaries. However, if you are paraphrasing and/or summarizing general facts, you do not need an in-text citation.
The steps for paraphrasing and summarizing are on the lesson handouts, which you can download from the website in the Writing --> Research Essay section.
1. Complete Body Paragraph #3
No blog comment this week!
Just two more weeks and the most difficult part of our course will be over.
In today's class, we learned about paraphrasing. This is another way we can include information into our research papers from our sources. When you paraphrase, you put the author’s ideas into your own words. Even if you want to use general facts from your source, you still have to paraphrase this information.
Remember that some paraphrases need in-text citation and some paraphrases do not require it.
Before you paraphrase, you have to identify shared language (= words that you cannot change) and find synonyms for words that you can change. This is the most important step in writing a good paraphrase.
This is a difficult skill to master and it often takes a long time to paraphrase information. I even have trouble paraphrasing when I have to prepare research papers, too. Be patient and don’t give up!
1. Blog Comment #6
2. Correct Body Paragraph #1
3. Complete Body Paragraph #2
Blog Question #6:
Review the feedback on body paragraph #1
Just three more weeks, and you will have written your entire research paper!!
In today's lesson, we learned to use use in-text citation. There are three types of in-text citation that you can use in your research paper:
We need to use in-text citation to support our own ideas. If we use the opinions of others and statistical information, this improves the credibility of your research paper. In other words, the reader will trust your opinions. Also, we need to use in-text citation to avoid plagiarism (= copy somebody’s idea and claim it as your own). If you use another person’s idea, you must tell the reader where you got that information.
We looked at different styles of using in-text citation and focused on how to cite direct and second-hand quotes. Pay careful attention to difference between direct and second-hand quotes.
1. Direct Quote
When you use a direct quote, you are quoting the information directly from your source. For example:
James says that “Less than half of all internet users use English as their native language, and this figure continues to decrease” (3).
This tells us that James said the quote and you can find the quote on page 3 of James’ source.
2. Second-hand Quote
When you use a second-hand quote, you are quoting a quote from your source. For example,
President of the Council of Ministers for the European Union, Anna Lindh, says that “Russian, Mandarin, French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, and Japanese have all been guilty of extinguishing other languages” (qtd. in James 3).
This tells us that Lindh said the quote, but Lindh did NOT write the source. James uses this quote in his source and you can find it on page 3.
1. Body Paragraph #1
Blog Question #5: