Oral English 2: Lesson 6
We finished up our last round of discussions. We'll be starting pair debates from next week!
How to Disagree (Refuting Opinions:
At the beginning of today's lesson, we reviewed expressions to refute opinions. Please makes sure to review these because you will need them for your pair debates in November.
When it is not true, you choose one of these three ways to show disagreement:
a. This is not true because...
b. This is not always true because...
c. This is not necessarily true because...
When the opinion is not important, you can choose one of these three ways to express your disagreement:
a. This is not relvant because...
b. This is not significant because...
c. This is easy to solve because...
Partners and Topics for Debate:
At the end of our lesson, you chose your partner for your pair debate presentation. After, you also chose your first topic. In next week's class, you'll choose your second topic.
Blog Question #5:
In my opinion, I am AGAINST the use of nuclear energy in Japan. This is because nuclear power isn't safe. For example, Japan has many earthquakes, so it's impossible to make nuclear reactors strong enough to withstand an earthquake. Therefore, there is a greater chance of nuclear accidents.
* Write 12-15 sentences.
* Use capital letters, punctuation and spelling correctly.
* Submit by Wednesday, October 28 by 6:00pm.
10/22/2015 07:53:44 pm
In my opinion, I am against corporal punishment in schools. This is because corporal punishment sometimes leads to a fatal accident. I often heard news that student’s suicide as a result of corporal punishment. The teacher who hit the student can’t feel power that the student reserved. It’s intimidation to make the student obey the teacher orders by violence. I don’t think that is education. The student who was violently attacked by the teacher will never forget that thing. The student will surely to hate the teacher. However it’s difficult that teachers to make a student who had told same things to him or her over and over obey the teacher orders without violence. I think people use violence when they couldn’t do the emotional control. Teachers need to attended to students preserve their calm. Also, the teacher who hold a problematic student should supported by other teachers.
10/25/2015 07:59:37 am
In my opinion, I am against Tokyo 2020 Olympics. It’s because the site will have many burdens. For example, it costs an expense of the sports stadium establishment. Moreover, the capital burden on site grows big. Actually, Japan can’t prepare for money to establish a sports stadium. However, trouble is arising because we blow up an ideal. Furthermore, minus parts of Japan are known all over the world when Japan becomes the site of Olympics. Other countries people may make complained to about Japanese Government the traffic condition, issue of garbage and a way of service. These will burden of Japan. Olympic players and the media agree with a decision which Tokyo becomes the site. It’s because the player can concentrate on a competition. Moreover, the media can spread Japan in the world. However, there is the person with an opposite opinion about Tokyo become the site. Considering Japan, I am against Tokyo 2020 Olympics.
10/26/2015 05:00:04 am
In my opinion, I am AGAINST the corporal punishment. I have never been physically punished since I was born. Although I never had such an experience, I can imagine how students get hurt mentally and physically by corporal punishment. Three years ago a 17 year old boy who was a high school student in Osaka killed himself after being physically punished by his basketball coach. No matter what reasons teachers have, corporal punishment is absolutely violence. As far as it is justified as a punishment, teachers have great power over students and students have no right to fight back. Instead of corporal punishment teachers have to explain why the student’s behavior is wrong and how it effects other people. Students don’t give up and do the same thing again until they realize what they have done is wrong and they really feel sorry about it. In other words if they are just afraid of corporal punishment, when they are not seen, they will repeat the same thing. Corporal punishment may look the shortest and easiest way to see the students’ reactions. However, I think education is totally different from punishment. We need to face each student and patiently tell him or her why he or she shouldn’t do it. Although it takes a lot of time and tremendous efforts, it is a teacher’s destiny to wait and watch them grow even slowly.
10/26/2015 11:44:13 pm
In my opinion, I am agree to euthanasia. This is because patients may reach the happy death. The terminal patient must continue receiving many pains without possibility to be restored. We may not imagine it. Therefore I think that I may admit euthanasia if not able to bear that patients suffer till the last. In addition, I cannot say good-bye to a family if I die suddenly. By euthanasia, we are prepared for it each other and can part. And you should stop it if you want to stop it by the moment. Then patients may become able to intend to live with effort. It is not good to carry it out immediately even if a patient expects euthanasia. I want patients to live for a long time if possible. However, I think that a doctor may carry out euthanasia if patients hope for it even if they talk carefully many times. It was a difficult problem, but I thought so.
10/27/2015 12:43:52 am
In my opinion, I agree same sex marriage. We have to get rid of our prejudice. When I walk in Japan, I sometimes see same sex couples, and my friend's eyes is strange. However, when I went to America, I often see them, everyone don't care. Japan is Island,so we have stereotype. I also had it. But it should be forssaked. In the world, same sex marriage is accepted. this activity is related to abolition of the racial discrimination. this is the step to change that all people is equal. Japan's change will effect to the world. Therefore, I agree it, and Japan also should allow to marriage.
10/27/2015 05:03:54 pm
In my opinion,although I understand the low prihibiting smoking in public spaces,I am against.Because there are several points.The governments in Japan give tobacco taxes and have depended on it.The more the climate of ban smoking expandsw,the less smoking person there are.So, economy of Japan might decrease by this low.another reason is that people who live in present-day Japan have much stress.And they smoke so as to reduce their stress.If the tax of tax was higher and it become difficult for smoking people to buy it,the worst accident would happen.In other words,a nomber of suicide is going to increase.Finally,Many people work at tobacco company.How do they live?It seems to me that the government should not forbit people to smoke in public spaces such as restaurants.
10/27/2015 08:03:24 pm
In my opinion, I am against total smoking ban. Because smoking is an important financial source. For example in Japan tabacco tax is one of the most important income source. Also there are a lot of people doing a cigarette related work. For example there are many cigarette shops in Japan. Another reason is that smoking softens the stress of the smoker. In Japan there are many people having stress. And many people having stress depend on smoking. I know that smoking has many bad effects. For example smoking raises the risk of canser. In addition smoking has an influence on the nonsmoker. Therefor I agree to separate smoking area. If the goverment dose so it, nobady is in trouble.
10/27/2015 10:51:55 pm
In my opinion, I'm against to introduce the performance-based pay system in Japan. This is because I think this system don't adapt to Japanese. There is a cultural gap between Japan and America and I think Japanese and Americans have quite different personalities from each other. I think Japanese cherish relationship with other people.On the other hand, I think American emphasize individual opinions. I feel introducing the performance-based pay system will lead to lose cooperation system. I think working together is very important and lead to good achievement. In addition, I think introducing the performance-based pay will bring the loss of self-confidence and motivation to some people. I think all employees work hard every day, so everyone should be treated equally. Japanese have adapted seniority system for a long time so I think we should continue the system in the future. I feel seniority system will lead to the stability of company and workers. Finally, I think it is very good to refer to foreign ways but it is very important to find the way adapting to Japan.
10/27/2015 11:03:00 pm
My debate topic is about “Euthanasia”. In my opinion, I agree to euthanasia. There are two reasons for this. First, there are many person who are ill with severe pain. I guess they are hard just to live. Many people think that I would rather die than suffer from such a illness. So I can't persuade them not to die. Second, the hospital charges is a problem. If I contract an illness that is incurable, I choose to die, because it takes much cost to treat. For the reasons stated above, I agree about enthanasia. In fact there are many sick person who choose enthanasia. They even go abroad to get mercy killing.
10/27/2015 11:03:02 pm
My debate topic is grade skipping. In my opinion I think grade skipping is good. Because there are many advantages. For example, the student who wants to study more high levels. It is boring for the student to study regular classes. And they can Keep using money expenses cheaper. So that makes their parents happy. In the world, they win Nobel prize. However there are some disadvantages. It is that grade skippers often become the target of billing. This is big problem. Therefore grade skippers should be elected more carefully.
10/27/2015 11:14:10 pm
In my opinion, I am AGAINST animal testing. This is because animal testing is not always reliable. The people are different from an animal. For example, when data of rabbit about inflammatory duration of an eye was compared with man's data about household goods of 14, there was difference between 250 times from 18 times. A wrong result is being also led by a lot of animal tests in addition to this case.
10/27/2015 11:18:15 pm
In my opinion, I am agree with the performance based pay system. It is because the system has a lot of merits. For example, if Japan introduces this system, I think it may be able to raise employees' motivation. Now most of Japanese companies introduce the system of seniority. So young people can't get high salary. And because young people also know the present condition which they can't get much salary, I think that they are likely to lose their motivation for job. In order not to prevent Japanese companies from developing, I think Japanese companies should introduce performance based pay system. And if Japan introduces the system, I think that it may be able to raise the efficient of job. Because employees can get salary as much as they achieved result, they will try to do as many jobs as they can. If so, I think that they aren't likely to work slowly. For these reasons, I agree with performance based pay system.
10/27/2015 11:26:49 pm
In my opinion, I am AGAINST the use of nuclear energy in Japan.Because the nuclear power generation is dangerous to Japan. For example, it is the example which Tohoku great earthquake disaster has good. The pollution of the radioactivity by the influence of the earthquake of the nuclear power plant of Fukushima and the omission of radiation annoyed many people. Therefore the person living in the outskirts was not able to live in one's house and will be to have been seen with eyes of the prejudice that there is many it from many people of other prefectures. Possibly I might be the one, too. The nuclear power generation may do the life of country and us wealthily. However, it is a fact not to have to forget that there is such an example. Even if every thing became rich, there is not any meaning if therefore a problem occurs.
10/28/2015 12:54:18 am
The Olympics brings positive or negative effects. According to this article, the Olympics can boost the domestic economy through increase tourism and investment in infrastructure. However, negative point is that the Olympics takes huge cost. In addition, the Beijing Olympics forced local people out of the center of the city. Because of these reasons, I disagree with Tokyo 202" Olympics. I think the Olympics bring negative effects. I am afraid of depression. Now, it takes much money to build stadium. I think the government is not good at use an estimate. After finish the Olympics, I guess we are forced hard live. emblem problem is also anxiety factor. How we hold the Olympics without accident?
10/28/2015 01:23:21 am
In my opinion, I am agree to same-sex marriage. This is because all people in Japan are equal. Several countries cannot accept same-sex marriage for a religious reason. For example, Christian countries like Vatican City oppose this idea because they think it can damage conventional family values. This problem is serious. But In Japan, freedom is guaranteed by the constitution. Rejecting same-sex marriage means rejecting an equal society. If same-sex marriage recognized, this would spur a decline in the birthrate, some people think. However people who are attracted to the same sex would not reluctantly marry someone of the opposite sex and have children. On the contrary, many Japanese nationals who are married to non-Japanese partners leave japan and move to their partner’s country where their marriage is recognized. This tendency adds momentum to Japan’s decreasing population trend. Most importantly, recognizing same-sex marriages will allow same-sex couples to attain equality under the law and be officially acknowledged. These actions will help eliminate prejudice and discrimination in society towards sexual minorities, which comprise over five percent of the world’s population. Finally, sexual minorities will be able to maintain their personal dignity and live in a society where they feel protected.
10/28/2015 01:29:51 am
In my opinion, I agree with same-sex marriage. This is because shape of love is person to person. Almost all of the people are attracted to the opposite sex. So some people think that to love the same sex is strange. But it is the same as to love the opposite sex. The partner who come to like is only the same sex. I think the same sex couples also should be accepted legal preferential treatment the same as the opposite sex couples. For example, I watched news on TV that Shibuya ward issues the partner certificate for the same sex couples. This isn't legal restriction, but they can be accepted various measures. Then, I also watched on TV that there is the facility which homosexual and others get together in Tokyo. The homosexual increase a chance of interacting with many people who have same situation through like this facility. Same-sex marriage isn't recognized in Japan at present. But these are one step toward it. It is important that we understand more about homosexuality.
10/28/2015 01:41:45 am
In my opinion, I am AGAINST death penalty. This is because death penalty isn't appropriate for punishments now. Somebody insists that people who kill others should be killed for several reasons. For example, the death penalty is necessary for the families of victims to heal psychological wounds. But, I think that the families of victims can't forget the sadness even if murderers are killed. I give another example. Somebody insists that the death penalty prevents more people from murdering. But some people didn't afraid of death penalty. On the contrary, somebody killed others in order to be killed. I think that we need to commute a death penalty to life imprisonment. Many people will consider the change as the reduction of punishments. But murderers will lose their freedom forever. I think that this is the greatest punishment.
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